Mr. Chairman:   That was the case in all of the 
             amendments offered with the exception of one or two.  Even 
             the vote on the revised old age pension bill amendment was 
             almost a party vote.  I call attention to what I consider the 
             rather remarkable fact that on an amendment so far reaching 
             as the one to substitute the bill for the old age pension 
             provisions of the administration bill, more than half of the 
             Republicans present on the floor at that time voted yes and 
             they stood up and were counted.  38 of them voted yes and 
             that is more than one-third of the entire Republican 
             membership of the House, while only 18 Democrats out of a 
             total of 160 present and out of a total Democratic membership 
             of 332 voted in favor of that amendment. 
                       Why, Mr. Chairman, even the amendment offered by 
             the distinguished gentleman from Ohio to include a small 
             Federal contribution to states to aid them in providing for 
             their blind people was voted down by a solid party vote. 
                       Just two gentlemen on the Democratic side voted 
             yes, and stood up to be counted on that vote, while every 
             Republican voted for it.  Do my Democratic friends mean to 
             tell me that they did not want to vote for that amendment?  
             We know you wanted to.  We saw many of you looking toward the 
             Leader's table with a look almost of longing in your eyes.  
             Why, Mr. Chairman, every gentleman in this House knows that a 
             single nod from the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee 
             seated at the table across the aisle would have brought every 
             Democrat to his feet in approval of that amendment. 
                       But the nod did not come, Mr. Chairman and the 
             blind man will continue to beg with his tin cup on the street 
             corner. 
                       It is not what you did in this bill that is so 
             wrong, it is what you did not do that will disappoint and 
             dissatisfy the country.  You had such a wonderful chance in 
             this legislation to give us a real solution to the problem of 
             old age and unemployment.  The country was hoping for it.  It 
             was waiting for it.  It was expecting it.  You have not done 
             your duty either by the country or by yourselves. 
                       Mr. Chairman, there is a little good in this 
             Administration bill as well as some bad.  Its greatest faults 
             are those of omission rather than of commission.  In 
             considering how one should vote upon a bill as inadequate and 
             unsatisfactory as this one is, a Republican is confronted 
             with the same old situation, and the same old question that 
             has confronted him in every major piece of administration 
             legislation that has been offered in the last two sessions of 
             the Congress. 
                       In most of this major legislation, there has been a 
             crumb of good, and in order to get that crumb we have had to 
             take the bad along with it.  Never have you permitted us to 
             improve one of your major bills.  Never has your three to one 
             majority allowed us to substitute a better bill for it.  
             Never have you gone the whole way upon the solution of any 
             problem, even when the majority of the individual membership 
             on both sides of the House desired it.  We have been given 
             always what the Executive Department wanted us to consider, 
             and we have been allowed to consider nothing else on that 
             particular subject. 
                       With less than one-third of the membership of the 
             House on the minority side, we have been rendered helpless 
             against your overwhelming majority, and so, as usual, we must 
             determine now in this bill whether the good outweighs the 
             bad.  When I say "we," I am referring to Republicans.  I 
             know, of course, that our Democratic friends are not burdened 
             with that kind of a problem, because they will vote upon this 
             bill as they have voted on all of them.  That is, as a party 
             measure.